Managing risk in today’s volatile commercial real estate markets
Saturday, October 16, 2010
Regulators close 3 banks in Kan, Mo
WASHINGTON (AP) — Regulators on Friday seized three banks in Kansas and Missouri, raising to 132 the number of U.S. banks that have been brought down this year by mounting loan defaults and the sputtering economy.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. on Friday took over the banks: Premier Bank, based in Jefferson City, Mo., with about $1.18 billion in assets and $1.03 billion in deposits; WestBridge Bank and Trust Co. of Chesterfield, Mo., with $91.5 million in assets and $72.5 million in deposits; and Security Savings Bank, based in Olathe, Kan., with $508.4 million in assets and $397 million in deposits.
Simmons First National Bank, based in Pine Bluff, Ark., agreed to assume the assets and deposits of Security Savings Bank. Midland States Bank, based in Effinghim, Ill., is acquiring the assets and deposits of WestBridge Bank and Trust. Providence Bank, based in Columbia, Mo., is assuming the deposits and $657.9 million of Premier Bank's assets. The FDIC will retain the rest for eventual sale.
In addition, the FDIC and Simmons First National Bank agreed to share losses on $334.2 million of Security Savings Bank's loans and other assets. Midland States Bank agreed to share losses with the FDIC on $72.6 million of WestBridge Bank and Trust's assets, while the FDIC and Providence Bank are sharing losses on $408.7 million of Premier Bank's assets.
The failure of Premier Bank is expected to cost the deposit insurance fund $406.9 million; the failure of WestBridge Bank and Trust is expected to cost $18.7 million; that of Security Savings Bank, $82.2 million.
With 132 closures nationwide so far this year, the pace of bank failures exceeds that of 2009, which was already a brisk year for shutdowns with 140. By this time last year, regulators had closed 99 banks.
The pace has accelerated as banks' losses mount on loans made for commercial property and development. Many companies have shut down in the recession, vacating shopping malls and office buildings financed by the loans. That has brought delinquent loan payments and defaults by commercial developers.
The 2009 total of bank failures was the highest annual tally since 1992, at the height of the savings and loan crisis. The 2009 failures cost the insurance fund more than $30 billion. Twenty-five banks failed in 2008, the year the financial crisis struck with force; only three succumbed in 2007.
The growing bank failures have sapped billions of dollars out of the deposit insurance fund. It fell into the red last year, and its deficit stood at $20.7 billion as of June 30.
The number of banks on the FDIC's confidential "problem" list jumped to 829 in the second quarter from 775 three months earlier, even as the industry as a whole had its best quarter since 2007, making $21.6 billion in net income. Banks with more than $10 billion in assets — only 1.3 percent of the industry — accounted for $19.9 billion of the total earnings.
The FDIC expects the cost of resolving failed banks to total around $60 billion from 2010 through 2014.
The agency mandated last year that banks prepay about $45 billion in premiums, for 2010 through 2012, to replenish the insurance fund.
Depositors' money — insured up to $250,000 per account — is not at risk, with the FDIC backed by the government. That insurance cap was made permanent in the financial overhaul law enacted in July.